The most famous disaster in the entire history of mankind can be seen as the one that occurred in Italy in the year 79. The eruption of Vesuvius or as impossible to name the strongest at all times, however, this tragedy occurred in the heart of power, were forced to watch people who piously believed in the oneness of their homeland. As a result of the thriving big city was destroyed. The shock, who survived the men, compared with when the twin towers were destroyed. Though between these catastrophes 1922 passed year.
Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius.
In a suburb of Naples and Pompeii. This town was founded approximately oscans tribe IV century BC, at a time when Roman troops advanced on the South of the peninsula, the city fell into the power of Rome. It happened in 209 BC after that is not much time has passed and Pompeii is already one of the most developed cents Roman power. For Pompey in the 2nd century BC, came a period of economic prosperity. This happened thanks to the sale of oil and wine. Once appeared significantly increased construction of buildings, both private and public. Built almost everything: baths, theatre, temples. Everything was done in order to equate Pompeii to the metropolis of the Roman era. Just worked in the city of culture and science. But on the same territory was the volcano Vesuvius.
At this point, the height of Mount Vesuvius about 1300 metres above sea level. Historians and scholars in one voice say that in the 9th century it was more than two times, however, the eruption, which occurred in the next century, destroyed a large portion of the volcano. After the disaster, the volcano has erupted over eighty times. But despite the danger, people attracted by the fact that the area on the slopes of the volcano, and in the surrounding area, the soil is very fertile. Strong aftershocks rocked the city, which were located around the volcano, in 62 BC cities such as Neapolis, Pompeii and Stabia were partially destroyed. Aftershocks continued, and it signalled the imminent eruption. However, residents could not believe that such a city as Pompeii, just cease to exist. Residents are not particularly worried about this and urban life that surrounded the Vesuvius, continued.
The Death Of Pompey.
About this tragedy known to almost all thanks to the excavation, but only from records of Pliny the younger, politician. The disaster began on August 24 79 years, about two o’clock in the afternoon. A huge cloud of white color with brownish spots became quickly gain size over Vesuvius. This cloud, rising to a height of, rastekalos′ in all directions. Near the volcano occurred underground tremors that continued and out of the ground I heard a terrible crashing. These tremors were very noticeable in a town called Miseno, it was located in 30 kilometers from the volcano. Just at this moment in this city and was Pliny the younger. His records state that was shaking so hard that it seemed as if destroyed houses, crumbling statues and everything just švyrâlo from side to side.
Gas Jet, which with furious force of vyryvalas′ volcano, has made on the surface of an incredible number of fragments of pumice. Beached pumice has reached a height of about 20 kilometers, and it’s for 10–11 hours of the eruption. Due to the fact that the explosion took place gradually, many residents were able to retreat to a safer distance. The city remained slaves who served as guards of property of their masters, as well as residents who voluntarily did not want to leave their homes. Night occurred the next phase: from Vesuvius flames appear. And in the morning already with the volcano went hot lava. This is the lava destroyed the remaining residents in Pompeii. From about 6 to 9:00 am descended from heaven to Earth ashes and so-called “balls” pumice, which covered his cover of the glorious city of Pompei and Stabiû.